Surrogacy is a contractual agreement for fertility treatment in which a women carries and delivers a baby for another couple . Woman or couples who choose to undergo surrogacy, because they have a multiple pregnancy miscarriages or they are unable to conceive due to a missing or abnormal uterus, or had a multiple time failed In Vitro fertilization attempts . There is a advantage of gestational surrogacy to the Intended Parents.  The embryo is created from the woman’s egg and the man’s sperm, so the born baby will biologically have their genes.

According to surrogacy agreement the surrogate mother (the woman who carries the child for intended parents) agrees to give all her parental rights and the baby to the Intended Parents. Surrogacy is gaining popularity through out the world because the children born by surrogacy are having genes of there intended parents.

The different types of surrogacy are :- 

a) Traditional surrogacy - It is  the arrangement in which the surrogate  mother will be using her own egg, Hence, it creates a genetic link between surrogate mother and potential parent to the child. In this arrangement, the Surrogate mother gets pregnant by sexual intercourse or by Intrauterine insemination. After the delivery of the baby, all his parental rights are given to the Intended Parents. In general, this process of traditional surrogacy is completed by the different ART procedures such as :- Intrauterine insemination (IUI) or In Vitro Fertilization (IVF).

b)  Gestational Surrogacy - It is arrangement  in which the conceived embryo through IVF get transferred or transplanted into the surrogate mother womb. After that the Surrogate Mother will carry and delivers the Baby. In Gestational surrogacy, there is no genetic link between surrogate mother and baby. The embryos are generated with the eggs and sperms of the intended parents and the surrogate just acts as the host for them. The woman producing the eggs undergoes to IVF cycle while the surrogate mother (who will carry baby) prepares her uterus for conception. The eggs gets fertilized outside of the woman's body and the resulting embryos gets implanted into the uterus of the surrogate.

Q - Who needs Surrogacy?

a) Female with small Uterus.

b) Female whose Uterus gets removed by surgery.

c) Female whose Uterus damaged by any cause.

d) Abnormal Uterus.